Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) Affect the Heart and the Circulatory System. CVDs Include:
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a reduction of blood flow due to thickening and hardening of the arteries that supply the heart muscle. A complete cut off of the blood supply results in the death of heart cells, and a heart attack occurs. A common symptom of coronary heart disease is angina – chest pain or discomfort when an area of the heart muscle doesn't get enough oxygen.
Heart failure occurs when the heart loses its ability to pump blood efficiently. Stroke occurs when a blood vessel in or leading to the brain bursts or is clogged by a blood clot.
Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) – The Leading Killer and Disabler
CVD is the leading cause of death in the United States and in NYS. CVD is no longer thought of as a disease that primarily affects men as they age. It is a killer of people in the prime of life, with more than half of all deaths occurring among women.
In New York State, CVD killed almost 43,000 residents in 2013. In the US, approximately 1.5 million adults have a heart attack or stroke every year, and currently there are an estimated 14 million survivors. Many survivors have long-term disability, and are at high risk for additional heart attacks or strokes. An estimated 15.5 million adults in the US have CHD; it makes up more than half of all cardiovascular events in men and women <75 years of age. Projections show that by the year 2030, prevalence of CHD will increase approximately 18% from 2013 estimates.
Stroke is a leading cause of premature, permanent disability among working-age adults in the United States. Stroke alone accounts for the disability of more than a million Americans. The economic impact of CVD and stroke on the health system will grow as the population ages.
Costs of Cardiovascular Disease
In 2016, the total cost (medical costs to payers plus lost productivity due to absenteeism) for cardiovascular disease in New York State is estimated to be $22.6 billion.
Major Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
Risk factors are behaviors or conditions that increase your chance of getting a disease. The major risk factors for CVD include physical inactivity, poor diet, tobacco use, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, overweight/obesity, and diabetes.
NYSDOH's Efforts to Reduce Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)
The New York State Healthy Heart Program (HHP) works to reduce premature death and disability from CVD by making it easier to be physically active, eat healthy foods, and receive evidence-based health care (health care that is based on the best information available).
Local community-based programs are funded in many counties around the state to control and reduce the major risk factors for CVD and to improve treatment for those with CVD or risk factors.
Core messages about what builds strong and healthy hearts have reached into every New York county:
- be tobacco-free,
- eat more fruits and vegetables and low-fat dairy products,
- be moderately active for at least 150 minutes or vigorously active for 75 minutes per week, and
- get your blood pressure and blood cholesterol under control.