Information for Consumers - Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C infection is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). This virus accounts for much of what was known as non-A non-B hepatitis until 1989. Hepatitis C is the most common bloodborne infection in the U.S. Approximately 4 million (1.6%) persons in the U.S. have ever been infected with HCV, of whom 3.2 million are chronically infected. Hepatitis C is a bloodborne pathogen and is transmitted primarily by percutaneous exposure (inoculation via the skin with infected blood such as a needle-stick injury). Injection drug use currently accounts for most HCV transmission in the U.S. and has accounted for a substantial proportion of HCV infections in past decades. Other factors associated with transmission include receiving a transfusion or organ transplant before 1992, receiving long-term hemodialysis, or receiving clotting factor produced before 1987. The medications approved to treat HCV include: interferon, pegylated interferon, ribavirin and HCV protease inhibitors. Persons infected with hepatitis C should be evaluated by their provider to determine if they are eligible for treatment. Not all infected persons are candidates for treatment.
Below you will find the most up-to-date information and resources to help you learn more about hepatitis C.
Are you at risk?
- Fact Sheets
- If You Are Infected with Hepatitis C
- Hepatitis C Prevention
- Hagase la prueba de la hepatitis C
- Blood-to-Blood Hepatitis C: Drug Use - Tattoos - Body Piercing (PDF, 1.06MB, 6pg.)
- What you Need to Know about Hepatitis C: A Guide for People with HIV Infection (PDF 12MB 13pg.)
- Living with chronic hepatitis C.
- Other Materials
Hepatitis C Testing Information
Hepatitis C Treatment Information
Find a Support Group
- Support Groups