Information on Specific Defects

Many different types of birth defects exist that can affect babies before, during or immediately after birth. These birth defects can be broadly grouped into three different categories: structural, metabolic, and functional birth defects. Links are provided below to help you learn more about the specific types.

Birth Defects Descriptions

Common Birth Defects Facts

The following links provide information on causes, risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment of specific birth defects from the US Centers for Disease Control & Prevention.

Specific Defect Resources


If your child was born with a birth defect, your child's doctor may have discussed with you the specific aspects of your child's medical condition. However, there may be additional services and support available to you, your child, and your family.

Visit our Resources for Families page for a list of resources that may be useful. If you have any questions, please contact your doctor or our Growing Up Healthy Hotline at 1-800-522-5006.

If you are a health care professional or researcher, visit our Resources for Health Professionals & Researchers page.