Figure 2: Percent of Children Screened at Least Once by Age 24 Months and by Age 36 Months; 1998 - 2002 Birth Cohorts (1998 to 2005 Blood Lead Test Data),1 New York State Excluding New York City

Figure 2 shows the percent of children who received at least one blood lead screening test by age 24 months and the percent of children who received at least one blood lead screening test by age 36 months for children born in the years 1998 through 2002. These measures are reported to allow comparison with other national, state and city screening measures, and with previous New York State lead data reports. Of children born in NYS in 2002, 62.2% received at least one blood lead screening test by age 24 months, and 77.1% percent received at least one screening test by age 36 months. Data collected from Medicaid Managed Care plans in 2005, which provide care to thousands of low income children who are at especially high risk for lead poisoning, demonstrate even higher rates of lead screening among this population, with approximately 86% of children enrolled in Medicaid Managed Care plans screened for lead at least once by the age of two years (data not shown)2.

Trend data show improvements in the percent of children receiving blood lead screening tests by age 24 months and by age 36 months. A 5.1% increase in the percent of children screened at least once by age 24 months was observed among children born in 2002 compared to children born in 1998 (59.2% of children born in 1998 compared to 62.2% of children born in 2002). Similarly, a 5.3% increase in the percent of children screened at least once by age 36 months was observed among children born in 2002 compared to children born in 1998 (73.2% of children born in 1998 compared to 77.1% of children born in 2002).

Birth Year Percent One Test by Age 24 Months Percent One Test by Age 36 months
1998 59.2 73.2
1999 62.2 75.8
2000 63.5 76.7
2001 63.3 76.0
2002 62.2 77.1

Footnotes

  1. Birth cohorts beyond 2002 are not included in this analysis because those children had not yet turned 36 months of age by 2005, and the opportunity for blood lead testing remained available after 2005.
  2. Child and Adolescent Preventive Care - Statewide - Medicaid Managed Care