Get the Facts About Sixteen and Seventeen Year-Old Drivers in New York State*
How big is the problem?
- Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of unintentional deaths for teens (16-17) in New York State.
- Every day, approximately 12 people are killed or seen in hospitals due to car crashes caused by a teen driver.
What is the cost?
In 2011, injuries caused by teen drivers resulted in almost $22 million in hospital charges in New York State. The average hospital stay for a teen driver injured in a crash lasts almost four days and results in more than $34,000 in charges.
Who is most at risk?
Newly Licensed Teens
Newly licensed teens are at highest risk of a car crash during the first months of driving unsupervised.
Male Teen Drivers
Male teen drivers are more likely to be involved, seriously injured, or killed in a car crash than their female counterparts.
Teen passengers (16-20 years old) are three times more likely to be killed in a car crash when riding with a teen driver.
Child passengers (7-15 years) are almost four times as likely to be killed in a crash when riding with a teen driver.
What factors put teen drivers at risk?
|New York State, 2011
Incapacitating & Fatal Injuries
|Crash Contributing Factors||Driver's Age|
|16-17 yrs||25-49 yrs|
|Failure to Yield Right of Way||7%||4%|
|* Driver Distraction includes the contributing factors of Driver Inattention/Distraction, Passenger Distraction, Cell Phone (hand held), Cell Phone (hands-free), Other Electronic Device and Outside Car Distraction.|
Teens are more likely to underestimate dangerous situations and less likely to recognize hazardous situations when driving.
Thirty-five (35) percent of crashes resulting in fatalities of teen drivers and their passengers occur between 9:00 pm and 5 am.
Safety Belt Use
In 2011, every month an average of 43 teen drivers and their teenage passengers (15-19) who did not wear a seat belt were injured severely enough to require hospital treatment. Teen drivers and their passengers are almost five times more likely to be diagnosed with a traumatic brain injury if they are not properly restrained.
Teen drivers involved in impaired driving crashes were 23 times more likely to suffer from a fatal injury than those who were not. Teen drivers involved in impaired driving crashes are eight times more likely not to buckle up.
Distracted driving is the leading contributing factor of all crashes involving teen drivers. Every day, five teen drivers are involved in crashes where distraction was a contributing factor. Teens driving with one teen passenger (16-20 years old) increases the risk of being killed in a crash by 40% and quadruples when carrying three or more teen passengers. Female teen drivers are slightly more likely to be involved in distraction-related crashes than their male counterparts.
Every day, four teen drivers are involved in crashes where unsafe speed is a contributing factor. Male teen drivers are more likely to be involved in crashes as a result of unsafe speed than their female counterparts.
What are the leading causes of teen car crashes?
- Unsafe speed is the leading contributing factor of crashes that result in incapacitating and fatal injuries for teens, followed by driver inexperience, failure to yield, and driver distraction.
- Teen drivers are at fault in 77% of crashes resulting in incapacitating and fatal injuries. Their more experienced counterparts, drivers aged 25-49 years old, are at fault 57% of the time.
How can deaths and injuries resulting from crashes involving teen drivers be prevented?
- Graduated Drivers Licensing (GDL) Laws. The GDL helps new drivers gain experience under low-risk conditions by granting driving privileges in stages. For more information about New York State GDL provisions, visit the Department of Motor Vehicles website.
- The yearly rate of motor vehicle crash related hospitalizations for teen drivers ages 16-17 decreased over 60% between 2003, the year the New York State GDL was implemented, and 2011.
- In 2010, changes to the New York State GDL limited the number of passengers in a vehicle operated by a junior license holder, as well as increasing the length of time a permit must be held and number of supervised driving hours needed before scheduling a road test.
- Parental management of teen driving. When parents know their state's GDL laws, they can help enforce the laws and, in effect, help keep their teen drivers safe. A parent/teen driving agreement is one tool to help parents set and enforce driving rules during the first year of unsupervised driving. A sample contract is available on the Department of Motor Vehicles website.
Where can I find more information and resources?
- New York State Department of Health
- New York State Department of Motor Vehicles
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Children's Hospital of Philadelphia "Teen Driver Source"
For more information, please contact the New York State Department of Health, Bureau of Occupational Health and Injury Prevention at firstname.lastname@example.org.
* Unless otherwise specified, "teen driver" refers to 16 and 17 year-old drivers.