Members and Staff
Members of the Task Force on Life and the Law
Task Force Staff
Members of the Task Force on Life and the Law
Howard A. Zucker, M.D., J.D., LL.M. (Chair)
Dr. Howard A. Zucker is Commissioner of Health for New York State. In his previous role as first deputy commissioner, Dr. Zucker led the state Department of Health's preparedness and response initiatives in natural disasters and emergencies. He worked closely with the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene and other health-related entities in New York City. Before joining the state Department of Health in September 2013, Dr. Zucker was a professor of Clinical Anesthesiology at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and pediatric cardiac anesthesiologist at Montefiore Medical Center in the Bronx. He was also an adjunct professor at Georgetown University Law School. Previously, he served as Assistant Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO) in charge of the Health Technology & Pharmaceuticals cluster. Additionally, Dr. Zucker served as Associate Professor of Clinical Pediatrics and Anesthesiology at Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons and pediatric director of the ICU at New York Presbyterian Hospital. A native of the Bronx, Dr. Zucker earned his M.D. from George Washington University School of Medicine at age 22, becoming one of America's youngest doctors. He also holds a J.D. from Fordham University Law School and a LL.M. from Columbia Law School. For a more detailed biography, please see http://www.health.ny.gov/commissioner/bio/.
Karl P. Adler, M.D.
In January 2007, Dr. Adler was appointed president and chief executive officer of New York Medical College, where he holds an academic appointment as professor of medicine. He had previously served from 1987 to 1994 as dean of the School of Medicine and vice president for medical affairs. Dr. Adler currently serves as the Archbishop's Delegate for Health Care in the Archdiocese of New York, and he continues to serve as chairman of the board of Catholic Health Care System, doing business as ArchCare, where he served as interim president and chief executive officer from 2001 to 2006. From 1994 to 2000, he was president and chief executive officer of St. Vincent's Hospital and Medical Center of New York. He has held academic appointments at Albany Medical College, SUNY-Downstate Medical Center and Weill Cornell Medical College and has held leadership appointments at North Shore University Hospital, Ellis Hospital, Kings County Hospital and Metropolitan Hospital Center. Appointed by the Governor in 1988, Dr. Adler continues as a member of the New York Task Force on Life and the Law. From 1995 to 2004 he was a member of the New York State Hospital Review and Planning Council. Dr. Adler is a fellow of The New York Academy of Medicine. He received his medical degree from Georgetown University and completed his undergraduate degree at Seton Hall University.
Donald P. Berens, Jr., J.D.
Donald P. Berens, Jr. is retired from a career as a New York State government attorney. After working for the Rochester, N.Y. law firm of Harter, Secrest & Emery, Mr. Berens became an Assistant Attorney General in the Claims Bureau of the New York State Department of Law in Albany, N.Y. in 1981. Mr. Berens worked for three successive Attorneys General, defending the State, its officers and employees against claims for monetary damages. In 1995, he became Deputy Attorney General for the Division of State Counsel in the Department of Law, supervising over 200 attorneys around the state who handled contract and real estate transactions and litigated civil cases for the State, its officers and employees in state and federal courts. In 1999, he became Executive Director of the New York State Ethics Commission in Albany, supervising a staff of twenty who advised Executive Branch employees how to comply with the State ethics statute, administered the financial disclosure program mandated by that statute, and investigated and prosecuted violations of the ethics law. In 2000, Mr. Berens became General Counsel of the New York State Health Department, supervising over 100 attorneys who advised the Commissioner of Health and the Governor concerning the Medicaid program, health insurance, establishment and regulation of hospitals and nursing homes, physician discipline, and public health. Mr. Berens became a member of the Task Force on Life and the Law in 2006 and retired from the Department of Health in 2007. Mr. Berens is a graduate of Williams College and Harvard Law School.
Rabbi J. David Bleich, Ph.D.
Rabbi J. David Bleich serves as a Rosh Yeshivah (Professor of Talmud) and Rosh Kollel, Kollel le-Hora'ah (Director, Postgraduate Institute for Jurisprudence and Family Law), Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary; Professor of Law, Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law; Tenzer Professor of Jewish Law and Ethics, Yeshiva University; and as Rabbi, The Yorkville Synagogue, New York City. He was ordained Mesivta Torah Vodaath Yadin Yadin ordination, and was a Woodrow Wilson Fellow. Rabbi Bleich served as an Editor, Halakhah Department, Tradition; Contributing Editor, Sh'ma; Associate Editor, Cancer Investigation; and a contributor to the Encyclopedia of Bioethics. He has been a member of various organizations, including the Executive Board of COLPA (National Jewish Commission on Law and Public Affairs); Board of Directors of the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America; National Academic Advisory Council of the Academy for Jewish Studies Without Walls; Committee on Ethics, Hospital for Joint Diseases and Medical Center; and of the Bioethics Committee of Metropolitan Hospital. Rabbi Bleich has authored several works, including Contemporary Halakhic Problems (5 vols.), Be-Netivot ha-Halakhah (4 vols.), Bioethical Dilemmas (2 vols.), Judaism and Healing, Time of Death in Jewish Law, Providence in the Philosophy of Gersonides and Bircas Ha-Chammah, and has written extensively on topics of Jewish law and ethics in publications. He was also an Editor of With Perfect Faith: Readings in the Foundations of Jewish Belief and an Editor (with Fred Rosner) of Jewish Bioethics. Rabbi Bleich received his Ph.D. from New York University, his M.A. from Columbia University, and his B.A. from Brooklyn College and has been part of the Task Force since its founding in 1984.
Rock Brynner, M.A., Ph.D.
Rock Brynner is a historian, novelist, and political scientist. After attending Yale University, he earned B.A. and M.A. in Philosophy and a Ph.D. in History at Columbia University. He was Assistant Professor of Political Science at Western Connecticut State University and taught History for a decade at Marist College. He has written extensively about medicine, including Dark Remedy: The Impact of Thalidomide and Its Revival as a Vital Medicine (with Trent Stephens) and has spent many years as a patient advocate.
Karen A. Butler, R.N., B.S.N., J.D.
A graduate of Vermont College, Ms Butler combines more than twenty years experience as a critical care nurse with her skills as a practicing attorney. Ms. Butler is a partner in the law firm of Thuillez, Ford, Gold, Butler & Young, LLP. Her areas of practice include medical malpractice defense, professional misconduct, health law, and civil rights litigation. Ms. Butler is admitted to practice law in all the courts of the State of New York, in both the Northern and Southern Districts of New York and in the United States Supreme Court. Graduating magna cum laude from Albany Law School, Ms. Butler was Associate Editor of Albany Law Review and recipient of the Selma Mintz Memorial Prize for graduating with Honors while raising a family. She is a member of the New York State Bar Association, the American Bar Association, the Defense Research Institute, and the Association of Trial Lawyers of America. She is on the board of The Capital District Trial lawyers Association and was president in 2009. A member of the American Association of Nurse Attorneys since 1995, Ms. Butler is on the editorial board of the Journal of Nursing Law. She is also on the Board of Directors of Teresian House where she chairs the Ethics Committee. She has published several articles on health law related topics and lectures extensively on health law, litigation, and professional misconduct. Ms. Butler was appointed by the Governor to the New York State Task Force on Life and the Law in 2003.
Yvette Calderon, M.D., M.S.
Dr. Yvette Calderon is a Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine and an Associate Dean for the Diversity Enhancement Office at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. She received her MD and MS in Clinical Research from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. She has been an attending physician in the Emergency Department (ED) at Jacobi Medical Center for over 20 years, including 8 years as Director of the Urgent Care Clinic. She has developed Project BRIEF, a multimedia-based HIV testing and counseling program that has tested over 100,000 ED, inpatient, dental, and pharmacy patients since its inception in 2005. Project BRIEF earned the 2009 Nova Award from the American Hospital Association for effective collaborations that improve public health, as well as the 2010 SafetyNet Award from the National Association of Public Hospitals. The Project BRIEF model has been successfully replicated and implemented nationally and internationally. Through a clinical research grant funded by the National Institutes of Health, Dr. Calderon used mixed methodology to create and evaluate technology-based HIV testing and prevention interventions that focused on adolescents in the ED. Her work has established the efficacy of video-based HIV prevention programs in the ED of an inner-city public hospital. Dr. Calderon was appointed to the Task Force in 2014.
Carolyn Corcoran, J.D.
Ms. Corcoran is a principal of James P. Corcoran, L.L.C., a practice focused on national insurance, regulatory, compliance and transactional issues. Prior to joining the practice, Ms. Corcoran held positions at Alliance of America, Fireman's Fund Insurance Company, Lord, Bissell and Brook, L.L.P., Reliance National Insurance Company and American International Group. Ms. Corcoran is a member of the Special Education Parent Teacher Association (SEPTA) and serves as a Liaison for Families of the Community United for Students (FOCUS). She has served as a volunteer Special Advocate for Abused and Neglected Children (CASA), Big Brother – Big Sisters of America, and New Alternatives for Children. Ms. Corcoran was appointed to the Task Force in October of 2011 and is serving on the Advisory Council for the Office for People with Developmental Disabilities. She is a graduate of Loyola University School of Law, Dowling College and holds a Masters Equivalent in Secondary Education from Long Island University.
Nancy Neveloff Dubler, LL.B.
Nancy Neveloff Dubler is a Senior Associate at the Montefiore-Einstein Center for Bioethics, and Professor-Emerita of Bioethics at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. She is the Consultant for Ethics for the New York City Health and Hospitals Corporation, the nation's largest public hospital system. She received her B.A. from Barnard College and her LL.B. from Harvard Law School. Ms. Dubler founded and directed the Bioethics Consultation Service at Montefiore Medical Center for analysis of difficult clinical cases presenting ethical issues in the health care setting; this service uses mediation as its primary intervention. She lectures extensively and is the author of numerous articles and books on ethical issues in research with human subjects, termination of care, home care and long-term care, geriatrics, adolescent medicine, prison and jail health care, and AIDS. She founded and directed the Certificate Program in Bioethics and the Medical Humanities, conducted jointly by Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine with Cardozo Law School of Yeshiva University. Her most recent books are: Ethics for Health Care Organizations: Theory, Case Studies, and Tools, with Jeffrey Blustein and Linda Farber Post (2002), The Ethics and Regulation of Research with Human Subjects, Coleman, Menikoff, Goldner and Dubler (2005); Handbook: For Health Care Ethics Committees, Post, Blustein and Dubler (2007); and Bioethics Mediation: A Guide to Shaping Shared Solutions, co-author, Carol Liebman (2004). Ms. Dubler was appointed to the New York State Task Force in 1999.
Paul J. Edelson, M.D.
Dr. Edelson is a specialist in infectious diseases and a historian with a long interest in medical ethics. He is a graduate of the University of Rochester and the State University Medical Center (Brooklyn), took his training at Yale and the University of California (San Francisco) and has taught and done research at Rockefeller University and at the medical schools of Harvard, Cornell, and Columbia. He has been an associate at The Hastings Center and has published articles on the history of the Tay-Sachs screening program, newborn testing for PKU, and the work of Dr. Henry Beecher in the United States and Dr. Maurice Pappworth in the United Kingdom on the ethics of human subject experimentation. He is currently a medical officer with the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. He has been a member of the Task Force since 1997.
Joseph J. Fins, M.D., M.A.C.P.
Dr. Joseph J. Fins is the Chief of the Division of Medical Ethics at Weill Cornell Medical College where he serves as Professor of Medicine (with Tenure), Professor of Public Health and Professor of Medicine in Psychiatry. Dr. Fins is also Director of Medical Ethics at New York-Presbyterian Weill Cornell Medical Center and a member of the Adjunct Faculty of Rockefeller University and a Senior Attending Physician at The Rockefeller University Hospital. Dr. Fins graduated from Wesleyan University and Cornell University Medical College. A Diplomat of the American Board of Internal Medicine, he completed his residency in Internal Medicine and Fellowship in General Internal Medicine at The New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center. His most recent book is A Palliative Ethic of Care: Clinical Wisdom at Life's End (2006) and current scholarly interests include ethical and policy issues in brain injury and disorders of consciousness, palliative care and research ethics in neurology and psychiatry. He is a co-author of the 2007 Nature paper describing the first use of deep brain stimulation in the minimally conscious state. Dr. Fins is President-Elect of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities, a Governor of the American College of Physicians and Vice Chair of the Fellows Council of The Hastings Center, where he serves as a member of the Center's Board of Trustees. He was appointed to the New York State Task Force in 2006.
Francis H. Geer, M. Div.
Rev. Francis H. Geer is Rector of St. Philip's Church in the Highlands in Garrison, N.Y. From 1992 to 2002, he was the Director of Religious Services at St. Luke's/Roosevelt Hospital Center in New York City. Previous positions include Clinical Pastoral Education Supervisor at Stanford University Hospital in Palo Alto, California and Clinical Training Supervisor with the National Association of Catholic Chaplains at St. Mary's Hospital in San Francisco, California. At Stanford, Rev. Geer worked as Chaplain to the heart/lung transplant team with Dr. Norman Shumway. He is the author, with John Horgan, of "Where Was God on September 11." Rev. Geer attended Rutgers University and Church Divinity School of the Pacific in Berkeley, California. He has served on the Task Force since 1994.
Samuel Gorovitz, Ph.D.
Samuel Gorovitz, former dean of Arts and Sciences at Syracuse University, was Founding Director of the Renée Crown University Honors Program from 2004 to 2010, and is Professor of Philosophy in The College of Arts and Sciences, at Syracuse University. He led the development of medical ethics and has published extensively on philosophy and public policy. His advice on college governance and on health policy has been widely sought, and he has given more than 200 invited lectures in many countries on five continents. Professor Gorovitz's publications include more than 130 articles, reviews and editorials in philosophical journals, medical journals, public policy journals, and newspapers. His two most recent books are Doctors' Dilemmas: Moral Conflict and Medical Care (1985) and Drawing the Line: Life, Death, and Ethical Choices in an American Hospital (1991 and 1993). He has been a member of the Task Force since 1988 and in 2007 was appointed by New York's governor to the Empire State Stem Cell Board. Professor Gorovitz received his B.S. from MIT and his Ph.D. from Stanford.
Cassandra E. Henderson, M.D.
Dr. Henderson is the Director of Maternal Fetal Medicine at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center and Professor of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology at Weill Cornell Medical College. She is a Certified Diabetic Educator practicing in the ambulatory and inpatient settings at Lincoln Medical and Mental Health Center and serves as Medical Director of NY Diabetes Care. By 4 gubernatorial appointments, since 2003 she has served as a Board member of the New York State Office of Professional Medical Conduct and has been a member of the New York State Task Force on Life and the Law since 1994. As a fellow of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, she was appointed and continues to serve as a member of the grievance and appeals committees. She is an active member of the American Medical Association, the National Medical Association, Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine, The American Diabetes Association and the American Association of Diabetic Educators. Dr. Henderson is an appointed member of advisory committees to the National Institutes of Health and the Food and Drug Administration. Her academic investigations are focused on diabetes in pregnancy and the development of improved educational tools for individuals with diabetes. Dr. Henderson received an undergraduate degree from Trinity College in Hartford, Connecticut and a medical degree from Loyola University in Maywood, Illinois. She completed her postgraduate residency training in obstetrics and gynecology at University of Chicago in Chicago, Illinois and a maternal fetal medicine fellowship at Albert Einstein College of Medicine in Bronx, New York.
Hassan I. Khouli, M.D., F.C.C.P.
Dr. Khouli is the Chief, Critical Care Section in the Department of Medicine at St. Luke's and Roosevelt Hospitals in New York City. He also holds the academic title of Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. Dr. Khouli has been the Chairperson of the Medical Ethics Committee at St. Luke's and Roosevelt Hospitals since 2000. He has led the Hospital Multidisciplinary Critical Care Committee since 2000 and implemented several clinical programs that resulted in improved patient safety and outcomes. In 2007, he led the effort of development of the Simulation and Training Center at St. Luke's and Roosevelt Hospitals. Dr. Khouli has been an invited lecturer both regionally and nationally. He is on the advisory board and committees of several regional and national organizations and societies. He has directed several local and regional symposiums and has received numerous teaching and community awards. Dr. Khouli has received several research grants and has published over 50 peer-reviewed research studies, clinical abstracts, and professional journal articles. He attended Damascus University in Syria for both his undergraduate and medical degrees and was appointed to the Task Force in 2010.
Rev. Joseph W. Koterski, S.J.
Rev. Joseph W. Koterski, S.J., is a member of the Philosophy Department at Fordham University, where he has taught since his ordination as a Catholic priest in 1992. At Fordham he also serves as the Editor-in-Chief of International Philosophical Quarterly and as Master of Queen's Court Residential College for Freshmen. In 2011 he was re-elected to a second term as the President of the Fellowship of Catholic Scholars. He regularly teaches courses on natural law ethics and on medieval philosophy. He has produced videotaped lecture-courses on "Aristotle's Ethics," on "Natural Law and Human Nature," and most recently on "Biblical Wisdom Literature" for The Teaching Company. In addition to publishing various articles and book chapters, he has authored a monograph entitled An Introduction to Medieval Philosophy: Basic Concepts (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009). He was appointed in 2014.
Rev. Hugh Maynard-Reid, D. Min., B.C.C., C.A.S.A.C.
Rev. H. Hugh Maynard-Reid is the Director of the Pastoral Care Department in the North Brooklyn Health Network in the Health and Hospital Corporation in New York City. He is a Board Certified Chaplain and a Credentialed Addiction and Substance Abuse Counselor by the State of New York. He also has Certification in Human and Medical Bioethics. Previously, Rev. Maynard-Reid served as an ordained minister for 15 years in New York City. He was also the Associate Professor of Old Testament and Biblical Studies at Northern Caribbean University (formerly West Indies College) and Adjunct Professor at Andrews University. He is a member of the Association of Professional Chaplains and serves the Regional Certification team and the Multi-cultural Committee. Rev. Maynard-Reid is an Advisory Member of the Catholic Health Services of Long Island Pastoral Education and Chaplaincy services. He has served as a member of the Institutional Review Board and is a member of the Ethics Committee in the North Brooklyn Health Network. As a member of the Brooklyn Ecumenical Advisory, his community service work centers on community leaders' health education. Rev. Maynard-Reid also currently sits on the Ethics Committee of the Empire State Stem Cell Board and was appointed to the Task Force in 2009. He attended West Indies College for his undergraduate degree, and Rev. Maynard-Reid obtained graduate degrees from Andrews University and Hebrew Union College - Jewish Institute of Religion.
John D. Murnane, J.D.
John D. Murnane is an attorney who has been a member of the Task Force on Life and the Law since 1997. He was one of John Cardinal O'Connor's appointees to the Public Policy Committee of the New York State Catholic Conference from 1994 to 2002. He graduated cum laude with a B.S. from the University of Notre Dame, and obtained his J.D. from George Washington University Law School. He is a partner in the New York office of Fitzpatrick, Cella, Harper & Scinto, an intellectual property law firm, where he is a member of the Management Committee. He has primarily litigated patent cases since 1980. Since the early 1990s, he has advised and represented pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies in numerous matters, including litigations involving Plavix®, Abilify®, Sensipar®, and hormone replacement therapy. He has also been the lead counsel in patent cases involving products in a variety of other technological fields. He has taught patent law at Fordham University Law School and Hofstra University Law School. From 1986 to 1989, he served as an arbitrator in the New York City Small Claims Court. Mr. Murnane is a past president of the New York Intellectual Property Law Association, where he served as a director and officer for 13 years. He is also a past president of the Parish Council of St. John and St. Mary Church in Chappaqua, N.Y.
Karen Porter, J.D., M.S.
Karen Porter is the executive director of Brooklyn Law School's Center for Health, Science, and Public Policy and runs the Health Law Clinic. She has taught courses at Washington University Law School on law and medicine, and AIDS and the law, and she has authored numerous publications related to AIDS policy. Prior to teaching, Ms. Porter held a post-doctoral fellowship at Montefiore Medical Center/The Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Social Medicine. Her background also includes work as a senior policy analyst and staff counsel to the National Commission on AIDS. She was appointed to the Task Force in 2014.
Robert N. Swidler, M.A., J.D.
Robert N. Swidler is V.P. Legal Affairs for St. Peter's Health Partners, a not-for-profit health care system in New York's Capital Region that includes five hospitals, nursing homes, home care, hospice, a PACE program. senior residences and other affiliates. He is also a member of the faculty of both Albany Medical Center's Alden March Bioethics Institute and the Union College/Mt. Sinai School of Medicine Bioethics Program. Previously, Mr. Swidler was General Counsel to Northeast Health, a partner at Hiscock & Barclay, Deputy Commissioner and Counsel to the New York State Office of Mental Health, and Assistant Counsel to Governor Mario Cuomo. Mr. Swidler served as staff counsel to the New York State Task Force on Life and the Law from 1985 to 1990, where he helped develop the Task Force's proposals on brain death, do-not-resuscitate orders, health care proxies and organ transplantation. From 2007-2010, Mr. Swidler was a member of the Empire State Stem Cell Board, where he served on the Board's Ethics Committee. Mr. Swidler has written numerous articles on health law topics, and co-authored chapters in the Legal Manual for New York Physicians on informed consent and life-sustaining treatment decisions. He was chair of the New York State Bar Association (NYSBA) Health Law Section from 1999 to 2000 and has for over ten years been the Editor of the NYSBA Health Law Journal. Mr. Swidler is a graduate of Columbia Law School and SUNY at Binghamton. He was appointed to the Task Force in 2010.
Sally T. True, J.D.
Sally True is a founding partner and member of True & Walsh, LLP in Ithaca, N.Y. Her practice areas include health care, estate administration and planning, and corporate matters. She has also counseled and represented hospitals, residential care facilities, and other institutional health care providers in all types of corporate, administrative, and legal affairs. From 1997 to 1999, Ms. True previously was special counsel to the New York State Health Department for the conversion of Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, N.Y. to a public benefit corporation. She also has had extensive experience representing several upstate hospitals and helped develop and implement the legal component of hospital risk management programs. Ms. True is a member of several organizations, including the American Health Lawyers Association, New York State Bar Association, and the Finance Council of St. Catherine's of Sienna in Ithaca, N.Y. She is admitted to practice law in New York and the United States District Court for the Northern District of New York. Ms. True received her J.D. from Cornell Law School and completed her undergraduate education at Smith College. She has been a member of the Task Force since 1997.
Task Force Staff
Stuart Sherman, J.D., M.P.H.
Stuart Sherman is the Executive Director for the New York State Task Force on Life and the Law. Prior to joining the Task Force Mr. Sherman was the legislative counsel for the New York Department of Health from 2010 to 2013. As legislative counsel Mr. Sherman played a role in developing and passing bills on a wide-range of subjects from controlled substance abuse to hospital governance. He also has experience working in the New York and Massachusetts legislatures. He has worked in the New York State Assembly and Senate as an analyst on health care policy and financing, and as an intern, assisted in drafting the Massachusetts Health Care Reform Law which became the model for the Affordable Care Act. He graduated from the Boston University dual-degree program in law and public health and holds a J.D with a concentration in Health Law and an M.P.H. with a concentration in Health Law, Bioethics and Human Rights. He received his undergraduate education at Wesleyan University.
Susie A. Han, M.A., M.A.
Susie A. Han is the Deputy Director and Principal Policy Analyst for the New York State Task Force on Life and the Law. Prior to joining the Task Force, Ms. Han was a Senior Policy Analyst for the New York City Office of the Public Advocate, where she worked on women's issues, immigration, poverty, and health care. Her policy reports have resulted in improved access to health care resources and public benefits for New York City residents. Ms. Han holds master's degrees in Public Policy with a concentration in Women's Studies from George Washington University and in Asian American Studies from the University of California, Los Angeles. She graduated from Duke University with bachelor's degrees in biology and history.
Valerie Gutmann Koch, J.D.
Valerie Gutmann Koch is the Consultant and former Senior Attorney for the New York State Task Force on Life and the Law. She is also a Visiting Assistant Professor at IIT Chicago-Kent College of Law and a Lecturer in Law, Medicine, and Ethics at MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics, University of Chicago. Prior to the Task Force, she was at Seton Hall Law School's Center for Health and Pharmaceutical Law and Policy, where her work focused on social networking and personal genomic testing, conflicts of interest in clinical research, Medicare pharmaceutical benefits, and board oversight of healthcare quality. Prior to that, she practiced in the litigation and intellectual property groups at Kirkland & Ellis LLP, concentrating on assorted pharmaceutical patent infringement cases as well as various FDA-related matters. She has also worked for the National Academy of Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the ABA Coordinating Group on Bioethics & the Law. She graduated from Harvard Law School, serving as Editor-in-Chief of the Recent Developments Section of the Journal on Law, Medicine, and Ethics. Her undergraduate degree is from the Woodrow Wilson School of International Affairs and Public Policy at Princeton University, where she was co-president of the Princeton Bioethics Forum. She is currently an at-large appointee of the American Bar Association Special Committee on Bioethics and the Law.