New York State Community Health Indicator Reports - About Socio-Economic Status Indicators

Indicator/Contact for information Data Source Definition
Total Population

Contact: Public Health Information Group at (518) 474-2543
National Center for Health Statistics bridged-race population estimates a County population estimate
Percentage of labor force unemployed

Contact: Public Health Information Group at (518) 474-2543
United States Department of Labor "Unemployed" is defined as a person actively seeking employment and available for work. Part-time workers are considered employed. The "Percentage Unemployed" is calculated by dividing the number unemployed by the total employed and unemployed times 100.
Percentage of population at or below poverty

Contact: Public Health Information Group at (518) 474-2543
U.S. Census Bureau b

Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates
The percentage of the population who live at or below the federally determined guidelines for poverty.
Percentage of children ages <18 at or below poverty level

Contact: Public Health Information Group at (518) 474-2543
U.S. Census Bureau b

Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates
The percentage of children ages less than 18 who live at or below the federally determined guidelines for poverty.
Median family income

Contact: Public Health Information Group at (518) 474-2543
U.S. Census Bureau b

Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates
This measure represents the middle value of family income. One half of the population will have income above the median while the other half will have income below the median.
Percentage of children ages < than 19 who have health insurance

Contact: Public Health Information Group at (518) 474-2543
U.S. Census Bureau b

Small Area Health Insurance Estimates
The number and percentage of children ages <18 who were covered by health insurance.
Percentage of adults ages 18- 64 who have health insurance

Contact: Public Health Information Group at (518) 474-2543
U.S. Census Bureau b

Small Area Health Insurance Estimates
The number and percentage of adults ages 18-64 who were covered by health insurance.
High school dropout rate


Contact: Public Health Information Group at (518) 474-2543
New York State Department of Education The percentage of students in grades 9 - 12 who left school prior to graduation for any reason, except death and did not enter another school or high school equivalency preparation program.
Age-adjusted percentage of adults who did not receive medical care because of cost**

Contact: BRFSS Coordinator at (518)473-0673
New York State Expanded Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System c The percentage of respondents ages 18 years or older who reported they needed to see a doctor but didn't due to the cost.
Age-adjusted percentage of adults with a regular healthcare provider**

Contact: BRFSS Coordinator at (518)473-0673
New York State Expanded Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System c The percentage of respondents ages 18 years or older who reported they have a regular health care provider that they can contact if they have a health problem.
Age-adjusted percentage of adults who had poor mental health**

Contact: BRFSS Coordinator at (518)473-0673
New York State Expanded Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System c The percentage of respondents (ages 18 or older) who reported having 14 or more days of poor mental health during the past month.
Birth rate per 1,000 population

Contact: Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics, at (518) 474-3189
Vital Records d
NYSDOH Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
The number of births per 1,000 population
Total mortality rates (crude and age-adjusted) per 100,000 population**

Contact: Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics, at (518) 474-3189
Vital Records d
NYSDOH Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
The number of deaths per 100,000 population
Percentage of deaths that were premature (ages less than 75 years)

Contact: Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics, at (518) 474-3189
Vital Records d
NYSDOH Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
The percentage of all deaths that were among persons aged less than 75 years.
Years of potential life lost per 100,000 (YPLL)

Contact: Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics, at (518) 474-3189
Vital Records d
NYSDOH Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Total years of life lost before age 75 years per 100,000 Population (calculated by subtracting the ages of those who died from 75).
Total emergency department visit rate, crude and age-adjusted per 10,000**

Contact: Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics, at (518) 474-3189
Vital Records d
NYSDOH Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
The number of emergency department visits per 10,000 population.
Hospitalization rates, crude and adjusted**

Contact: Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics, at (518) 474-3189
Vital Records d
NYSDOH Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
The number of hospitalizations per 10,000 population.

Data notes:

a National Center for Health Statistics Bridged Race Population Estimates:
New York State and county population estimates are from the National Center for Health Statistics, bridged-race postcensal population estimates. These estimates are prepared under a collaborative arrangement with the U.S. Census Bureau. They are generated using the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) methodology that redistributes multiple race populations into single race categories.
b The U.S. Census Bureau:
The Bureau with support from other Federal agencies, created the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program to provide more current estimates of selected income and poverty statistics than the most recent decennial census. Estimates are created for states, counties, and school districts. The main objective of this program is to provide updated estimates of income and poverty statistics for the administration of federal programs and the allocation of federal funds to local jurisdictions.
The Small Area Health Insurance Estimates (SAHIE) ) program was created to develop model-based estimates of health insurance coverage for counties and states. This developmental program builds on the work of the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program. Data on health insurance coverage for all counties are not currently available elsewhere.
c Expanded BRFSS:
The Expanded BRFSS is a telephone-based survey of adults 18 years of age or older conducted by the New York State Department of Health. The survey is based on the National Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and collects information on self-reported health-related behaviors in New York State counties. The most recent survey was conducted between July 2008 and June 2009 and collected data in 57 New York State counties and New York City. Because the Expanded BRFSS only presents data for New York City as a whole, indicator data for the counties of Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens and Richmond are from the 2008 New York City Community Health Survey (CHS). The New York City Community Health Survey (CHS) is a telephone survey conducted by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene that is also based on the BRFSS. The 2009 CHS data (where available) for NYC counties were used for this report.
d Vital Records:
Information is collected from birth, death and fetal death certificates. Records with missing information for the indicator of interest are excluded when calculating rates and percentages for that indicator. Population based rates use population estimates provided by the U.S. Census Bureau. ICD-10 codes are used for cause of death.
e Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System-SPARCS:
Information about hospitalizations is collected through the hospital inpatient discharge data system. Each hospitalization receives an ICD-9 code at discharge that indicates the primary reason for the hospitalization. There are also up to 14 other diagnosis codes recorded to further describe the hospitalization. Statistics presented in these tables are based on the primary diagnosis unless otherwise noted. This data system does not include information about events that did not result in a hospitalization, such as cases that were only treated in a hospital emergency room. Numbers and rates are based on the number of hospitalizations that occurred and not to the number of individuals who were hospitalized.

** The standard population used for age adjustment was the 2000 U.S. population.