New York State Community Health Indicator Reports - About Socio-Economic Status Indicators

Contact the Public Health Information Group, at (518) 474-2543 for information about the indicators produced for this report.

Health Indicator Description and Definition Data Source and Program Contact Information
Total Population County population estimates Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics - U.S. Census Populations With Bridged Race Categories a
Percentage of labor force unemployed "Unemployed" is defined as a person actively seeking employment and available for work. Part-time workers are considered employed. The annual average "Percentage Unemployed" aged 16 years and older was calculated by dividing the number unemployed by the total labor force (employed and unemployed) times 100. United States Bureau of Labor Statistics: Local Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS) obtained data from the Current Population Survey (CPS)
Percentage of population at or below poverty The percentage of the population who live at or below the federally determined guidelines for poverty. U.S. Census Bureau
Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates b
Percentage of children aged <18 at or below poverty level The percentage of children aged less than 18 who live at or below the federally determined guidelines for poverty. U.S. Census Bureau

Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates b
Median family income in US dollars This measure represents the middle value of family income. One half of the population will have income above the median while the other half will have income below the median. U.S. Census Bureau

Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates b
Percentage of children ages < 19 with health insurance The number and percentage of children aged <18 who were covered by health insurance. U.S. Census Bureau

Small Area Health Insurance Estimates b
Percentage of adults ages 18- 64 with health insurance The number and percentage of adults aged 18-64 who were covered by health insurance. U.S. Census Bureau

Small Area Health Insurance Estimates b
High school dropout rate The percentage of students in grades 9 - 12 who left school prior to graduation for any reason, except death and did not enter another school or high school equivalency preparation program. New York State Department of Education
Age-adjusted percentage of adults who did not receive medical care because of cost ** The percentage of respondents ages 18 years or older who reported they needed to see a doctor but didn't due to the cost.NYS Expanded Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System c d

Contact: BRFSS Coordinator at (518) 473-0673
Age-adjusted percentage of adults with a regular healthcare provider **
The percentage of respondents ages 18 years or older who reported they have a regular health care provider that they can contact if they have a health problem. NYS Expanded Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System c d

Contact: BRFSS Coordinator at (518) 473-0673
Age-adjusted percentage of adults who had poor mental health 14 or more days within the past month ** The percentage of respondents (ages 18 or older) who reported having 14 or more days of poor mental health during the past month. NYS Expanded Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System c d

Contact: BRFSS Coordinator at (518) 473-0673
Birth rate per 1,000 population The number of births per 1,000 population Vital Statistics Unit e
Bureau of Outcomes Research,
Office of Quality and Patient Safety

Contact: bio-info@health.ny.gov
Phone: (518) 486-9012
Crude and age-adjusted total mortality rates per 100,000 ** The number of deaths per 100,000 population Vital Statistics Unit e
Bureau of Outcomes Research,
Office of Quality and Patient Safety

Contact: bio-info@health.ny.gov
Phone: (518) 486-9012
Percentage of deaths that were premature (aged less than 75 years) The percentage of all deaths that were among persons aged less than 75 years. Vital Statistics Unit e
Bureau of Outcomes Research,
Office of Quality and Patient Safety

Contact: bio-info@health.ny.gov
Phone: (518) 486-9012
Years of potential life lost (YPLL) per 100,000 Total years of life lost before age 75 years per 100,000 Population (calculated by subtracting the ages of those who died from 75). Vital Statistics Unit e
Bureau of Outcomes Research,
Office of Quality and Patient Safety

Contact: bio-info@health.ny.gov
Phone: (518) 486-9012
Crude and age-adjusted total emergency department visit rate per 10,000 ** The number of emergency department visits per 10,000 population. Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) f
Bureau of Health Informatics,
Office of Quality and Patient Safety

Contact: SPARCS@health.ny.gov
Phone: (518) 473-8144
Crude and age-adjusted total hospitalization rate per 10,000 **
The number of hospitalizations per 10,000 population. Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) f
Bureau of Health Informatics,
Office of Quality and Patient Safety

Contact: SPARCS@health.ny.gov
Phone: (518) 473-8144

Data Notes:

a National Center for Health Statistics Bridged Race Population Estimates:
New York State and county population estimates are from the National Center for Health Statistics, bridged-race postcensal population estimates. These estimates are prepared under a collaborative arrangement with the U.S. Census Bureau. They are generated using the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) methodology that redistributes multiple race populations into single race categories.
b The U.S. Census Bureau:
The Bureau with support from other Federal agencies, created the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program to provide more current estimates of selected income and poverty statistics than the most recent decennial census. Estimates are created for states, counties, and school districts. The main objective of this program is to provide updated estimates of income and poverty statistics for the administration of federal programs and the allocation of federal funds to local jurisdictions.
The Small Area Health Insurance Estimates (SAHIE) ) program was created to develop model-based estimates of health insurance coverage for counties and states. This developmental program builds on the work of the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) program. Data on health insurance coverage for all counties are not currently available elsewhere.
c Expanded BRFSS:
The Expanded BRFSS is a NYS county (regional) non-institutional adult telephone-based surveillance survey that collects self-reported health conditions and behaviors related to early mortality and morbidity. This system is based on the annual collaborative state based surveillance project administered and supported by the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (CDC), Division of Population Health, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)
d New York City Community Health Survey (CHS):
The New York City Community Health Survey (CHS) is a NYC Borough adult telephone survey conducted by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene that is also based on the CDC BRFSS surveillance survey system design.
e Vital Records (Vital Statistics):
Vital Event Registration:
New York State consists of two registration areas, New York City and New York State Exclusive of New York City (also referred as Rest of State). New York City (NYC) includes the five counties of Bronx, Kings (Brooklyn), New York (Manhattan), Queens and Richmond (Staten Island); the remaining 57 counties comprise New York State Exclusive of New York City. The Bureau of Vital Records, New York State Department of Health, processes data from live birth, death, fetal death and marriage certificates recorded in New York State Exclusive of New York City. Through a cooperative agreement, the New York State Department of Health receives data on live births, deaths, and fetal deaths recorded in New York City from the New York City Department of Health and on live births and deaths recorded outside of New York State to residents of New York State from other states and Canada.
f Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS):
Information about hospitalizations is collected through the hospital inpatient discharge data system. Each hospitalization receives an ICD-9 code at discharge that indicates the primary reason for the hospitalization. There are also up to 14 other diagnosis codes recorded to further describe the hospitalization. Statistics presented in these tables are based on the primary diagnosis unless otherwise noted. This data system does not include information about events that did not result in a hospitalization, such as cases that were only treated in a hospital emergency room. Numbers and rates are based on the number of hospitalizations that occurred and not to the number of individuals who were hospitalized.

** The standard population used for age adjustment was the 2000 U.S. population.