About New York State Leading Causes of Death
The causes of death reported in these pages are the underlying causes classified according to the tenth revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD, 10th revision) adopted by New York State in 1999. Historically, several revisions of the ICD have been used, therefore, it is necessary to employ a comparability ratio when comparing cause of death statistics across revisions. Comparability ratios have been published by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).
Infant and neonatal mortality rates published in this report are based on all live births regardless of birth weight or gestation. No attempt was made to account for the viability of the infant at birth. These rates for a specific year are based on deaths and live births that occurred during that year.
When tabulating deaths by place of death, other institution is defined as state institution, Veterans Administration facility, hospice, federal institution, health related facility or home for the aged.
Note: A small number of deaths with the no recorded age are included in the annual death data file. For the purpose of this analysis, those cases are not included. Therefore, some death statistics reported in other reports may show slightly different results.
All population estimates are for the year indicated in these tables and are derived from the NCHS released estimates of "Bridged Race Vintage files" which are consistent with the Bureau of the Census estimates from "Bridged Race Vintage files" (released annually). Estimates by race are for single races (eg. White alone, Black alone, etc.). The data on Spanish ethnicity is consistent over the years.
Age Adjusted Death Rate (Direct Method)
Death rate in a group calculated as a weighted average of the age specific death rate of the same group. The system of weights is the age distribution of a population called the standard population. In this report, the standard population is the United States population as enumerated by the Bureau of the Census on April 1, 2000.
New York State Department of Health - Office of Quality and Patient Safety - Bureau of Outcomes Research - Vital Statistics Unit
Premature Causes of Death
The term Premature Causes of Death is used as a measure of deaths that occured prior to individuals reaching the age of 75 years. Seventy-five years of age is national standard that is used for a comparison basis.
Information, Programs and Prevention Strategies
New York State's Prevention Agenda Toward the Healthiest State identifies ten priorities for improving the health of all New Yorkers. The DOH Prevention Agenda web-pages contain information about programs and strategies that have been shown to promote health and prevent illness. Recommendations from national public health groups and current program activities are also shared.