## Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) - 2004

### BRFSS Survey

In 2004, the BRFSS survey was conducted in all 50 states, the District of Columbia and in three US territories (Guam, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands). In each area where interviews are conducted, respondents are randomly selected from noninstitutionalized civilian adults (18 years of age or older) living in households with a telephone. Asthma prevalence data are produced from the responses to two asthma questions on the year 2004 BRFSS Core Questionnaire.

#### Lifetime asthma: Question number 9.01

Have you ever been told by a doctor, nurse, or other health professional that you had asthma?

#### Current asthma: Question number 9.02

If the response to 9.01 was Yes, then question 9.02 was asked: Do you still have asthma?

### BRFSS Survey Analyses

The BRFSS 2004 survey data file was used to analyze lifetime and current asthma prevalence by selected sociodemographic groups. Prevalence and standard error estimates were calculated using SUDAAN Release 8.2 (Research Triangle Institute, P.O. Box 12194, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709).

Number of people affected was estimated by multiplying the prevalence rate against the US or New York State population in that particular subgroup.

#### Confidence Intervals:

The 95% Confidence Intervals(CI) were calculated using the following formula:

• Lower 95% Confidence Interval = % prevalence – t(sep)
• Upper 95% Confidence Interval = % prevalence + t(sep)

Where sep is the standard error of the prevalence percent and t equals the z distribution value of 1.96 for large sample size analyses. For other analyses with smaller sample sizes due to the use of demographic subcategories, the exact value from the t distribution appropriate to the sample size for the percent prevalence was used instead of the approximate z-value of 1.96.

#### Subgroup tables are based on data analyzed by the following variables:

• Gender: Male and Female
• Age Group: 18-24, 25-34, 35-44, 45-54, 55-64, and 65+
• Race: White, Black, Other, and Multi Race
• Race/Ethnicity:White NH(non-Hispanic), Black NH, Other NH, Multirace NH, and Hispanic