Smoking before pregnancy

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) Report

New York City, 2004

Maternal Characteristics Respondents Estimated Population Affected Prevalence (%) 95% C.I.
Total 750 8,190 14.2 11.1 - 17.3
Race/Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic White 189 3,453 21.3 14.4 - 28.2
Non-Hispanic Black 222 1,883 12.8 7.1 - 18.6
Non-Hispanic Other 79 261 4.5 0.0 - 10.1
Hispanic 260 2,593 12.4 7.4 - 17.4
Maternal Age
Less than 20 years old 54 755 17.3 4.5 - 30.1
20-24 years old 152 1,825 14.9 8.2 - 21.6
25-34 years old 392 4,167 13.9 9.6 - 18.3
35 years old or more 152 1,443 13.0 6.3 - 19.7
Education
Less than high school 159 2,423 18.0 10.8 - 25.2
High school graduate 227 2,078 11.7 6.3 - 17.2
More than high school 363 3,568 13.5 9.2 - 17.9
Marital Status
Married 386 3,215 10.6 6.9 - 14.4
Not Married 364 4,975 18.2 13.1 - 23.2
Medicaid Status
Not on Medicaid 325 3,803 16.3 11.1 - 21.5
On Medicaid 425 4,387 12.8 8.9 - 16.6

Detailed definition of indicator

Technical Notes

  • Respondents - The number of mothers who responded to this question.
  • Estimated Population Affected - Number of mothers/infants with characteristic or condition.