Carruth, A., Ricks, D., & Pullen, P. (September, 1995) Bag baths: An alternative to the bed bath. Nursing Management (9) 75-78 and Skewes, S., (January, 1994) No More Bed Baths! RN, 34-35

Sloane, P. D., Rader, J., Barrick, A., Hoeffer, B., Dwyer, S., McKenzie, D., Lavelle, M., Buckwalter, K., Arrington, L., & Pruitt, T. (1995). Bathing persons with dementia. The Gerontologist, 35, 672-678.

Additional Supporting Research

Barrick AL, Rader J, Sloane DP, Hoeffer B (eds). Bathing Without a Battle. New York: Springer; 2001.

Bathing Without a Battle. 3-hour educational CD-ROM and 1-hour teaching videotape. Authored by PD Sloane, AL Barrick, and J Rader, and produced at EO Studios, Athens, GA. Distributed free of charge in 2003-04 with foundation support to all US nursing homes, state and regional nursing home survey offices, local Alzheimer's Association chapters, state nursing home ombudsmen, and 1,500 home care agencies. Now available for sale at

Sloane, PD, Hoeffer B, Mitchell CM, McKenzie D, Barrick AL, Rader J, Stewart B, Talerico KA, Rasin J, Zink R, Koch G. (2004) Effect of person-centered showering and the towel bath on bathing-associated aggression, agitation and discomfort in patients with dementia: A randomized clinical trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 52:1795-1804.

Accepted for Publication

Calleson D, Sloane PD, Cohen L. Effectiveness of an Educational Intervention Involving a National Mailing of the Bathing Without a Battle Video and CD-ROM Materials to Nursing Homes. Accepted for publication, Gerontology and Geriatrics Education.

Rader J, Hoeffer B, Sloane PD, Barrick AL, Uriri J, McKenzie D, Talerico K. Creating pleasant bathing experiences: Practical approaches for dementia and elder care. Accepted for publication by the American Journal of Nursing.

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