Essex County Health Indicators by Race/Ethnicity, 2017-2019

Health Indicator Non-Hispanic Hispanic Total
White Black Asian/Pacific
Islander
Socio-Demographic Indicators
Population (2018) 34,740 982 317 1,134 37,309
Percentage of population (2018) 93.1% 2.6% 0.8% 3.0% 100.0%
Median annual household income in US dollars (2015-2019)~ 57,429 73,676 53,750 41,250* 56,763
Percentage of families below poverty (2015-2019)~ 6.4% 33.3%* 25.0%* 0.0% 6.6%
General Health Indicators
Total mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 721.0 437.8* 0.0* 307.6* 702.2
Percentage of premature deaths (< 75 years) 39.2% 25.0%* NA 66.7%* 39.3%
Years of potential life lost per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 6,188.1 434.3* 0.0* 2,625.6 5,730.5
Birth-Related Indicators
Number of births per year (3 year average) 284 3 3 7 302
Percentage of births with early (1st trimester) prenatal care 75.2% s s s 74.5%
Percentage of births with adequate prenatal care (APNCU)^ 81.6% s s s 80.8%
Percentage of premature births (< 37 weeks gestation - clinical estimate) 8.4% s s s 8.8%
Percentage of low birthweight births (< 2.5 kg) 8.0% s s s 8.5%
Teen pregnancies per 1,000 females aged under 18 years# 1.1* s s 0.0* 1.1*
Pregnancies per 1,000 females aged 15-44 years# 59.2 51.7 33.1* 47.9 60.3
Fertility per 1,000 females aged 15-44 years 54.5 43.0* 38.1* 50.1 54.6
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births 1.2* s s s 1.1*
Injury-Related Indicators
Motor vehicle-related mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 5.8* 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 5.2*
Unintentional injury mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 33.4 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 31.2
Unintentional injury hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted++ 32.5 s s s 34.8
Fall hospitalizations per 10,000 population, aged 65+ years++ 121.7 0.0* s 0.0* 126.9
Poisoning hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted++ 2.2 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 2.7
Opioid burden per 100,000 population++ 92.0 0.0* 0.0* s 95.4
Suicide mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 9.2 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 8.1
Respiratory Disease Indicators
Asthma hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted++ 0.9 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 0.8
Asthma hospitalizations per 10,000 population, aged 0-17 years++ s 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* s
Chronic lower respiratory disease mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 44.6 74.2* 0.0* 0.0* 44.0
Chronic lower respiratory disease hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted++ 14.5 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 14.2
Heart Disease and Stroke Indicators
Diseases of the heart mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 150.6 121.2* 0.0* 57.4* 146.8
Diseases of the heart hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted++ 40.6 s s s 41.3
Cerebrovascular disease (stroke) mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 22.4 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 21.9
Cerebrovascular disease (stroke) hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted++ 8.8 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 9.4
Coronary heart disease mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 99.3 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 96.5
Coronary heart disease hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted++ 11.0 0.0* s 0.0* 11.0
Congestive heart failure mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 9.8 0.0* 0.0* 57.4* 9.9
Potentially preventable heart failure hospitalization rate per 10,000 population - Aged 18 years and older (2017-2018)++ 24.7 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 24.0
Diabetes Indicators
Diabetes mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 26.6 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 26.5
Diabetes (primary diagnosis) hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted++ 6.9 s 0.0* s 7.3
Diabetes (any diagnosis) hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted++ 90.2 s s 42.2 94.6
Potentially preventable diabetes short-term complications hospitalization rate per 10,000 population - Aged 18+ Years++ 1.6 s 0.0* 0.0* 1.8
Cancer Indicators
Lung cancer incidence per 100,000 population, age-adjusted (2016-2018) 60.0 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 58.2
Colorectal cancer mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted (2016-2018) 15.5 0.0* 0.0* s 15.5
Colorectal cancer incidence per 100,000 population, age-adjusted (2016-2018) 42.1 s 0.0* 0.0* 40.6
Female breast cancer mortality per 100,000 female population, age-adjusted (2016-2018) 16.3 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 16.0
Female late stage breast cancer incidence per 100,000 female population, age-adjusted (2016-2018) 37.2 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 36.2
Cervix uteri cancer mortality per 100,000 female population, age-adjusted (2016-2018) s 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* s
Cervical cancer incidence per 100,000 female population, age-adjusted (2016-2018) 13.3* 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 12.8*
Symbol Meaning
* The rate or percentage is unstable. See the "About" page
s Data are suppressed. The data do not meet the criteria for confidentiality.
++ The 2018 and 2019 hospitalization data for this county may be incomplete and subject to change.
~ White non-Hispanic, Black (including Hispanic), Asian (including Hispanic, excluding Pacific Islanders), and Hispanic.
# Essex and Hamilton County data are combined for confidentiality
NA Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability or data quality, or data not available.
^ APNCU: Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization Index.
In 2015, SPARCS transitioned from ICD-9-CM to ICD-10-CM diagnosis codes. These two are not comparable, so ED and hospitalization data for 2016-and-forward should not be compared with earlier data.
The 2018 population estimates are also used to calculate rates for 2019 and 2020.