About New York State Leading Causes of Death


The causes of death reported in these pages are the underlying causes classified according to the tenth revision of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD, 10th revision) adopted by New York State in 1999. Historically, several revisions of the ICD have been used, therefore, it is necessary to employ a comparability ratio when comparing cause of death statistics across revisions. Comparability ratios have been published by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

Infant and neonatal mortality rates published in this report are based on all live births regardless of birth weight or gestation. No attempt was made to account for the viability of the infant at birth. These rates for a specific year are based on deaths and live births that occurred during that year.

When tabulating deaths by place of death, other institution is defined as state institution, Veterans Administration facility, hospice, federal institution, health related facility or home for the aged.

Note: A small number of deaths with the no recorded age are included in the annual death data file. For the purpose of this analysis, those cases are not included. Therefore, some death statistics reported in other reports may show slightly different results.

Population Estimates

All population estimates are for the year indicated in these tables and are derived from the NCHS released estimates of "Bridged Race Vintage files" which are consistent with the Bureau of the Census estimates from "Bridged Race Vintage files" (released annually). Estimates by race are for single races (eg. White alone, Black alone, etc.). The data on Spanish ethnicity is consistent over the years.

Age Adjusted Death Rate (Direct Method)

Death rate in a group calculated as a weighted average of the age specific death rate of the same group. The system of weights is the age distribution of a population called the standard population. In this report, the standard population is the United States population as enumerated by the Bureau of the Census on April 1, 2000.


New York State Department of Health - Office of Quality and Patient Safety - Bureau of Outcomes Research - Vital Statistics Unit a

Premature Causes of Death

The term Premature Causes of Death is used as a measure of deaths that occured prior to individuals reaching the age of 75 years. Seventy-five years of age is national standard that is used for a comparison basis.

Information, Programs and Prevention Strategies

New York State's Prevention Agenda 2013-2017: New York State's Health Improvement Plan The Prevention Agenda 2013-17 is the blueprint for state and local action to improve the health of New Yorkers in five priority areas and to reduce health disparities for racial, ethnic, disability, socioeconomic and other groups who experience them. Recommended evidence-based programs, policies and practices have been identified for each action plan.

Data Notes:

a Vital Records (Vital Statistics):
Vital Event Registration:
New York State consists of two registration areas, New York City and New York State Exclusive of New York City (also referred as Rest of State). New York City (NYC) includes the five counties of Bronx, Kings (Brooklyn), New York (Manhattan), Queens and Richmond (Staten Island); the remaining 57 counties comprise New York State Exclusive of New York City. The Bureau of Vital Records, New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH), processes data from live birth, death, fetal death and marriage certificates recorded in New York State Exclusive of New York City. Through a cooperative agreement, the New York State Department of Health receives data on live births, deaths, fetal deaths and marriages recorded in New York City from the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (NYCDOHMH) and on live births and deaths recorded outside of New York State to residents of New York State from other states and Canada.

Vital Event indicators for NYC geographical areas reported by NYSDOH and NYCDOHMH may be different since the former may include all NYC residents' events regardless of where they occurred and the latter reports only events to NYC residents that occurred in NYC. The indicators may also differ due to timing and/or completeness of data.

The counts of births and deaths may be influenced by specific reporting issues each year. The specific issues are reported in the technical notes of the Vital Statistics reports, in the Report Measures section.

All the vital statistics presented in this report are based on the county/borough of residence.