Baby used a pacifier in the hospital

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) Report

New York City, 2009

Maternal Characteristics Respondents Estimated Population Affected Prevalence (%) 95% C.I.
Total 1,145 30,751 31.0 27.8 - 34.3
Race/Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic White 303 9,414 34.9 28.4 - 41.3
Non-Hispanic Black 251 6,062 30.7 23.5 - 38.0
Non-Hispanic Other 175 3,611 24.9 17.0 - 32.8
Hispanic 416 11,666 30.8 25.4 - 36.1
Maternal Age
Less than 20 years old 64 1,856 29.0 16.2 - 41.8
20-24 years old 218 7,094 33.3 25.9 - 40.8
25-34 years old 598 15,903 31.1 26.5 - 35.7
35 years old or more 265 5,899 29.1 22.2 - 35.9
Education
Less than high school 211 6,569 30.7 23.3 - 38.0
High school graduate 268 8,702 34.9 28.2 - 41.7
More than high school 665 15,480 29.3 25.0 - 33.7
Marital Status
Married 630 16,696 30.2 25.8 - 34.5
Not Married 515 14,055 32.1 27.1 - 37.1
Medicaid Status
Not on Medicaid 600 15,044 29.6 25.1 - 34.1
On Medicaid 545 15,707 32.5 27.7 - 37.3

This report excludes respondents who never breastfed their baby and respondents whose baby was not born in the hospital

Note: NYC data are not available prior to 2012

Detailed definition of indicator

Technical Notes

  • Respondents - The number of mothers who responded to this question.
  • Estimated Population Affected - Number of mothers/infants with characteristic or condition.