Baby used a pacifier in the hospital

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) Report

New York State, 2009

Maternal Characteristics Respondents Estimated Population Affected Prevalence (%) 95% C.I.
Total 1,877 80,021 43.3 40.5 - 46.0
Race/Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic White 806 43,081 49.8 45.6 - 54.0
Non-Hispanic Black 309 9,891 38.8 31.5 - 46.0
Non-Hispanic Other 233 6,086 31.2 23.6 - 38.7
Hispanic 529 20,962 39.3 34.1 - 44.5
Maternal Age
Less than 20 years old 105 5,164 47.1 35.0 - 59.2
20-24 years old 331 17,165 47.0 40.4 - 53.6
25-34 years old 1,027 44,437 43.2 39.5 - 46.9
35 years old or more 414 13,254 38.4 32.2 - 44.5
Education
Less than high school 303 13,800 43.5 36.5 - 50.5
High school graduate 396 19,093 45.2 39.1 - 51.4
More than high school 1,171 46,836 42.4 38.9 - 45.9
Marital Status
Married 1,130 46,569 41.3 37.8 - 44.8
Not Married 747 33,452 46.4 41.8 - 51.0
Medicaid Status
Not on Medicaid 1,099 46,103 43.0 39.4 - 46.6
On Medicaid 778 33,917 43.7 39.3 - 48.0

This report excludes respondents who never breastfed their baby and respondents whose baby was not born in the hospital

Note: NYC data are not available prior to 2012

Detailed definition of indicator

Technical Notes

  • Respondents - The number of mothers who responded to this question.
  • Estimated Population Affected - Number of mothers/infants with characteristic or condition.