Baby used a pacifier in the hospital

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) Report

New York State excluding New York City, 2009

Maternal Characteristics Respondents Estimated Population Affected Prevalence (%) 95% C.I.
Total 732 49,269 57.4 52.9 - 61.9
Race/Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic White 503 33,668 56.6 51.3 - 61.9
Non-Hispanic Black 58 3,830 65.9 48.2 - 83.6
Non-Hispanic Other 58 2,476 49.2 31.8 - 66.7
Hispanic 113 9,296 60.0 48.7 - 71.3
Maternal Age
Less than 20 years old 41 3,308 72.4 53.0 - 91.9
20-24 years old 113 10,071 66.2 55.2 - 77.1
25-34 years old 429 28,534 55.1 49.4 - 60.8
35 years old or more 149 7,356 51.7 41.0 - 62.4
Education
Less than high school 92 7,231 70.1 57.0 - 83.2
High school graduate 128 10,392 60.0 49.1 - 70.9
More than high school 506 31,356 54.4 49.1 - 59.7
Marital Status
Married 500 29,873 52.0 46.6 - 57.4
Not Married 232 19,397 68.4 60.5 - 76.3
Medicaid Status
Not on Medicaid 499 31,059 55.0 49.6 - 60.4
On Medicaid 233 18,210 62.0 54.0 - 70.1

This report excludes respondents who never breastfed their baby and respondents whose baby was not born in the hospital

Note: NYC data are not available prior to 2012

Detailed definition of indicator

Technical Notes

  • Respondents - The number of mothers who responded to this question.
  • Estimated Population Affected - Number of mothers/infants with characteristic or condition.