Baby used a pacifier in the hospital

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) Report

New York City, 2010

Maternal Characteristics Respondents Estimated Population Affected Prevalence (%) 95% C.I.
Total 1,160 28,723 30.2 27.0 - 33.4
Race/Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic White 299 6,678 26.4 20.7 - 32.1
Non-Hispanic Black 270 6,566 31.3 24.1 - 38.5
Non-Hispanic Other 184 3,947 27.8 19.9 - 35.6
Hispanic 407 11,532 33.4 27.9 - 39.0
Maternal Age
Less than 20 years old 69 1,974 27.8 13.4 - 42.2
20-24 years old 196 5,925 35.5 27.5 - 43.4
25-34 years old 615 14,732 29.2 25.0 - 33.5
35 years old or more 280 6,093 29.3 22.8 - 35.9
Education
Less than high school 254 6,377 31.3 24.3 - 38.3
High school graduate 251 8,331 37.7 30.5 - 45.0
More than high school 652 13,983 26.7 22.6 - 30.8
Marital Status
Married 657 13,583 25.4 21.5 - 29.3
Not Married 503 15,140 36.5 31.2 - 41.8
Medicaid Status
Not on Medicaid 555 12,233 28.1 23.5 - 32.7
On Medicaid 605 16,490 32.0 27.6 - 36.5

This report excludes respondents who never breastfed their baby and respondents whose baby was not born in the hospital

Note: NYC data are not available prior to 2012

Detailed definition of indicator

Technical Notes

  • Respondents - The number of mothers who responded to this question.
  • Estimated Population Affected - Number of mothers/infants with characteristic or condition.