Baby used a pacifier in the hospital

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) Report

New York City, 2011

Maternal Characteristics Respondents Estimated Population Affected Prevalence (%) 95% C.I.
Total 1,160 27,255 29.3 26.1 - 32.4
Race/Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic White 332 8,454 29.3 23.6 - 35.1
Non-Hispanic Black 262 5,269 29.8 22.4 - 37.1
Non-Hispanic Other 192 3,463 22.6 15.6 - 29.7
Hispanic 374 10,070 32.2 26.5 - 37.8
Maternal Age
Less than 20 years old 47 1,083 25.0 8.7 - 41.3
20-24 years old 198 6,162 35.3 27.4 - 43.2
25-34 years old 636 14,372 28.1 23.9 - 32.3
35 years old or more 279 5,638 28.0 21.5 - 34.4
Education
Less than high school 200 5,405 31.3 23.6 - 39.0
High school graduate 235 6,451 33.2 25.8 - 40.5
More than high school 724 15,387 27.3 23.3 - 31.2
Marital Status
Married 706 17,318 30.5 26.4 - 34.6
Not Married 454 9,937 27.3 22.3 - 32.3
Medicaid Status
Not on Medicaid 573 12,781 29.2 24.6 - 33.7
On Medicaid 587 14,474 29.4 24.9 - 33.8

This report excludes respondents who never breastfed their baby and respondents whose baby was not born in the hospital

Note: NYC data are not available prior to 2012

Detailed definition of indicator

Technical Notes

  • Respondents - The number of mothers who responded to this question.
  • Estimated Population Affected - Number of mothers/infants with characteristic or condition.