Baby used a pacifier in the hospital

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) Report

New York State, 2011

Maternal Characteristics Respondents Estimated Population Affected Prevalence (%) 95% C.I.
Total 1,934 72,709 41.1 38.4 - 43.7
Race/Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic White 849 38,727 46.1 42.0 - 50.1
Non-Hispanic Black 325 9,478 37.7 30.3 - 45.2
Non-Hispanic Other 275 7,066 29.9 23.1 - 36.7
Hispanic 485 17,437 39.4 34.0 - 44.8
Maternal Age
Less than 20 years old 86 4,743 46.6 33.1 - 60.2
20-24 years old 320 14,413 45.5 38.7 - 52.2
25-34 years old 1,084 39,435 40.0 36.5 - 43.6
35 years old or more 444 14,118 38.4 32.7 - 44.2
Education
Less than high school 291 11,889 41.5 34.1 - 48.8
High school graduate 358 16,484 47.2 40.8 - 53.6
More than high school 1,283 44,323 39.1 35.9 - 42.4
Marital Status
Married 1,230 45,836 41.2 37.8 - 44.5
Not Married 704 26,872 40.8 36.2 - 45.5
Medicaid Status
Not on Medicaid 1,089 39,952 41.1 37.5 - 44.7
On Medicaid 845 32,757 41.0 36.9 - 45.1

This report excludes respondents who never breastfed their baby and respondents whose baby was not born in the hospital

Note: NYC data are not available prior to 2012

Detailed definition of indicator

Technical Notes

  • Respondents - The number of mothers who responded to this question.
  • Estimated Population Affected - Number of mothers/infants with characteristic or condition.