Baby used a pacifier in the hospital

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) Report

New York City, 2012

Maternal Characteristics Respondents Estimated Population Affected Prevalence (%) 95% C.I.
Total 1,250 33,027 35.1 31.8 - 38.3
Race/Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic White 385 10,218 31.8 26.4 - 37.2
Non-Hispanic Black 262 6,390 34.1 26.6 - 41.6
Non-Hispanic Other 204 5,849 38.3 30.0 - 46.5
Hispanic 399 10,571 37.8 31.9 - 43.7
Maternal Age
Less than 20 years old 56 1,934 52.8 36.5 - 69.1
20-24 years old 221 6,289 34.0 26.5 - 41.6
25-34 years old 643 17,713 35.9 31.4 - 40.4
35 years old or more 330 7,090 31.4 25.1 - 37.7
Education
Less than high school 223 7,871 46.1 38.0 - 54.2
High school graduate 257 6,681 34.1 26.8 - 41.3
More than high school 770 18,474 32.2 28.2 - 36.2
Marital Status
Married 739 18,527 33.2 29.1 - 37.3
Not Married 511 14,500 37.9 32.6 - 43.2
Medicaid Status
Not on Medicaid 646 16,878 34.4 29.9 - 38.8
On Medicaid 604 16,149 35.8 31.1 - 40.6

This report excludes respondents who never breastfed their baby and respondents whose baby was not born in the hospital

Note: NYC data are not available prior to 2012

Detailed definition of indicator

Technical Notes

  • Respondents - The number of mothers who responded to this question.
  • Estimated Population Affected - Number of mothers/infants with characteristic or condition.