Baby used a pacifier in the hospital

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) Report

New York State excluding New York City, 2012

Maternal Characteristics Respondents Estimated Population Affected Prevalence (%) 95% C.I.
Total 1,094 50,436 59.9 55.2 - 64.5
Race/Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic White 556 31,925 58.4 52.9 - 64.0
Non-Hispanic Black 184 4,482 62.0 41.4 - 82.5
Non-Hispanic Other 79 3,533 63.5 46.5 - 80.4
Hispanic 275 10,496 62.4 52.1 - 72.7
Maternal Age
Less than 20 years old 387 4,952 81.2 69.9 - 92.5
20-24 years old 109 7,673 56.6 44.6 - 68.7
25-34 years old 426 27,303 58.5 52.3 - 64.7
35 years old or more 172 10,508 58.6 48.3 - 68.9
Education
Less than high school 288 10,777 78.5 68.4 - 88.5
High school graduate 222 10,006 66.0 55.2 - 76.8
More than high school 579 29,642 54.2 48.5 - 59.9
Marital Status
Married 510 30,137 61.2 55.4 - 66.9
Not Married 584 20,299 58.0 50.3 - 65.7
Medicaid Status
Not on Medicaid 555 29,525 57.5 51.7 - 63.3
On Medicaid 539 20,911 63.5 55.9 - 71.2

This report excludes respondents who never breastfed their baby and respondents whose baby was not born in the hospital

Note: NYC data are not available prior to 2012

Detailed definition of indicator

Technical Notes

  • Respondents - The number of mothers who responded to this question.
  • Estimated Population Affected - Number of mothers/infants with characteristic or condition.