Baby used a pacifier in the hospital

Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) Report

New York City, 2013

Maternal Characteristics Respondents Estimated Population Affected Prevalence (%) 95% C.I.
Total 1,140 27,888 30.5 27.3 - 33.7
Race/Ethnicity
Non-Hispanic White 318 7,501 25.4 20.1 - 30.7
Non-Hispanic Black 245 4,425 26.8 19.9 - 33.8
Non-Hispanic Other 190 5,172 35.5 27.2 - 43.8
Hispanic 387 10,791 35.0 29.3 - 40.7
Maternal Age
Less than 20 years old 41 594 31.7 11.5 - 51.8
20-24 years old 186 5,101 32.5 24.5 - 40.4
25-34 years old 628 16,230 31.2 26.9 - 35.4
35 years old or more 285 5,964 27.3 21.2 - 33.5
Education
Less than high school 205 4,858 32.4 24.5 - 40.2
High school graduate 263 7,461 35.3 28.3 - 42.3
More than high school 672 15,569 28.1 24.2 - 32.1
Marital Status
Married 673 16,045 29.3 25.3 - 33.3
Not Married 467 11,844 32.3 27.1 - 37.4
Medicaid Status
Not on Medicaid 608 13,950 28.2 24.0 - 32.3
On Medicaid 531 13,816 33.1 28.2 - 37.9

This report excludes respondents who never breastfed their baby and respondents whose baby was not born in the hospital.

Note: NYS (excluding NYC) data are not available prior to 2009.

Detailed definition of indicator

Technical Notes

  • Respondents - The number of mothers who responded to this question.
  • Estimated Population Affected - Number of mothers/infants with characteristic or condition.