About Minority Health Data and Statistics

Indicator Data Source Definition For Information, Contact
Socio-Demographic Indicators
Population U.S. Census Bureau, Bridged Race File County population estimates are reported by race and Hispanic Origin. The total county population estimate includes "Other" and unknown races. Public Health Information Group
Percent of population U.S. Census Bureau, Bridged Race File The percent of the county population from each race/ethnicity category Public Health Information Group
Median Income U.S. Census Bureau, American Community Survey - 3 year estimates Median household income is the income level at which half of households have incomes above the amount and half have incomes below the amount Public Health Information Group
Percent of families below poverty U.S. Census, American Community Survey - 3 year estimates The percent of the families living below the federally determined guidelines for poverty Public Health Information Group
General Health Indicators
Total Mortality, age-adjusted Vital Records The number of deaths per 100,000 population Public Health Information Group
Percent Premature Deaths (< age 75 years) Vital Records The percent of all deaths that were among persons aged less than 75 years. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Years of potential life lost per 100,00, age-adjusted Vital Records Total years of life lost before age 75 years per 100,000 Population (calculated by subtracting the ages of those who died from 75). Public Health Information Group
Births (3 year Average) Vital Records The number of births per year includes the average number of births over the latest 3 year period for each race/ethnicity group. The average total births for the county includes "Other" and Unknown races. Rounding may cause the sum of the race/ethnicity groups to add to more than the total for the county. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Percent of Births to women who had Early Prenatal Care Vital Records The percent of births to women with known prenatal care who began prenatal care within the first three months of pregnancy (first trimester). Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Percent of Births to women who had Early and Adequate Prenatal Care Vital Records The percentage is based on the Kotelchuk Index. Births to women who began care in the first trimester and have completed at least 80% of the expected prenatal visits are considered to have had early and adequate care. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Percent of Premature births (less than 37 weeks) Vital Records The percentage of infants with known gestation born before 37 weeks gestation. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Percent of Low Birthweight Births Vital Records The percentage of births with known birthweight that resulted in infants weighing less than 2500 grams. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Pregnancy Rate ( 15-17years) per 1,000 Vital Records Pregnancies are the sum of the number of live births, induced terminations of pregnancies, and all fetal deaths. Pregnancy rates are the number of pregnancies in the 15-17 year age group per 1,000 females15-17 years of age. NOTE: pregnancy data for Essex and Hamilton counties were combined for confidentiality purposes Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Fertility Rate (Birth/pop 15-44 years per 1,000) Vital Records The number of live births per 1,000 female population aged 15-44 Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Infant Mortality rate Vital Records The number of deaths less than 1 year of age per 1,000 live births Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Injury Related Indicators
Motor Vehicle and Unintentional injury age-adjusted mortality rates Vital Records All deaths receive an ICD-10 code indicating the primary cause of death. Mortality rates are per 100,000 population. The codes used for the rates in this section are as follows:
  • Unintentional injury: V01-X59, Y85-Y86
  • Motor vehicle related: V02-V04, V09.0, V09.2, V12-V14, V19.0-V19.2, V19.4-V19.6, V20-V79, V80.3-V80.5, V81.0-V81.1, V82.0-V82.1, V83-V86, V87.0-V87.8, V88.0-V888,V89.0,V89.2
Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Unintentional injury, poisoning and fall hospitalization rates per 10,000, age-adjusted SPARCS The number of hospitalizations per 10,000 population with a primary diagnosis using the following ICD-9 CM codes:
  • Unintentional injury: E800-E928, (excluding E870-E879)
  • Falls: E880-E888, (excluding E887)
  • Poisoning: E850.0-E850.9, E852.0-E855.9, E858.0-E866.9, E868.0-E869.9, E9500-E9529, E9620-E9629, E9800-E9829, E851, E856, E857, E867, E972
Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Respiratory Disease Related Indicators
Asthma and Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease (CLRD) hospitalization rates, age-adjusted, and age specific SPARCS The number of hospitalizations in a particular age group per 10,000 population in that age group, with a primary diagnosis, using the following ICD-9 CM codes: Asthma: code 493; Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease (CLRD): codes 490-494,496. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease (CLRD) mortality age-adjusted rate per 100,000 population Vital Records Mortality : Data are collected from death certificates. All deaths receive an ICD-10 code indicating the primary reason for the death. The ICD-10 code used for the rates in this section are Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease (CLRD): codes J40-J47. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Heart Disease and Stroke Related Indicators
Disease of the Heart Mortality rate, age-adjusted Vital Records The number of deaths due to Disease of the Heart per 100,000 population. The ICD-10 codes used for Disease of the Heart are: I00-I09, I11, I13, and I20-I51. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Disease of the Heart Hospitalization rate, age-adjusted SPARCS The number of hospitalizations for Diseases of the Heart per 10,000 population. The ICD-9 CM codes for Disease of the Heart are: 390-398,402, 404-429. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke) Mortality rate, age-adjusted Vital Records The number of deaths due to Cerebrovascular Disease per 100,000 population. The ICD-10 codes used for Cerebrovascular Disease are: I60-I69. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Cerebrovascular Disease (Stroke) Hospitalization rate, age-adjusted SPARCS The number of hospitalizations for Cerebrovascular Disease per 10,000 population. The ICD-9 CM codes used for Cerebrovascular Disease are: 430-438. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Coronary Heart Disease mortality rate, age-adjusted Vital Records The number of deaths due to Coronary Heart Disease per 100,000 population. The ICD-10 codes used for Coronary Heart Disease are: I11, I20-I25. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Coronary Health Disease Hospitalization rate, age-adjusted SPARCS The number of hospitalizations for Coronary Heart Disease per 10,000 population. The ICD-9 CM codes used for Coronary Heart Disease are: 402, 410-414, and 429. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Congestive Heart Failure mortality, age-adjusted Vital Records The number of deaths due to Congestive Heart Failure per 100,000 population. The ICD-10 code used for Congestive Heart Failure is: I50 Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Congestive Heart Failure Hospitalization rate, age-adjusted Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics The number of hospitalizations for Congestive Heart Failure per 10,000 population. The ICD-9 CM code for Congestive Heart Failure is: 428. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Diabetes Related Indicators
Diabetes Mortality rate per 100,000 population, age- adjusted Vital Records The number of deaths due to diabetes per 100,000 population. The ICD-10 codes used for diabetes are: E10-E14. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Diabetes hospitalization rate per 10,000 (primary diagnosis), age-adjusted SPARCS The number of hospitalizations due to diabetes per 10,000 population. The ICD 9 CM code used for Diabetes is: 250. Only hospitalizations with diabetes as the primary diagnosis are included. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Diabetes hospitalization rate per 10,000 (any diagnosis), age-adjusted SPARCS The number of hospitalizations due to diabetes per 10,000 population. The ICD 9 CM code used for Diabetes is: 250. Includes hospitalizations with diabetes mentioned in any diagnosis. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Diabetes short term complications hospitalizations per 10,000, ages 6-18 and 18+ SPARCS The number of hospitalizations with a primary diagnosis ICD 9CM code of 250.1-250.3 per 10,000 population for the age group of interest. This is a Prevention Quality Indicator (PQI) (condition for which good outpatient care can potentially prevent the need for hospitalization or for which early intervention can prevent complications or more severe disease) Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Cancer Related Indicators
Lung Cancer incidence (per 100,000), age-adjusted New York State Cancer Registry Incidence data are based on reports from hospitals and other health facilities that diagnose and treat cancer patients. All primary tumors receive a ICD-O-3 code indicating the anatomic site of origin. Standard Site Analysis categories for cancer data analysis are available on the SEER Incidence Site Recode web page. These data include only invasive malignant tumors. Data are presented for a five-year time period New York State Cancer Registry
Colorectal cancer mortality (per 100,000), age-adjusted New York State Cancer Registry The number of deaths per 100,000 with a primary diagnosis of ICD 10 code. New York State Cancer Registry
Breast cancer mortality (per 100,000), age-adjusted New York State Cancer Registry The number of deaths per 100,000 with a primary diagnosis of ICD 10 code C50. New York State Cancer Registry
Cervical cancer mortality (per 100,000), age-adjusted New York State Cancer Registry The number of deaths per 100,000 with a primary diagnosis of ICD 10 code New York State Cancer Registry
Percent of cancer cases with an early stage diagnosis 2 – (breast, cervical and colorectal) New York State Cancer Registry Stage at diagnosis data are based on reports from hospitals and other health facilities that diagnose and treat cancer patients. Early stage is defined as invasive cancers that are limited to the tissue of origin. Patients for whom stage at diagnosis is unknown are not included in the calculation of percent of cancers diagnosed at an early stage New York State Cancer Registry
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Related Indicators
Drug-related hospitalizations per 10,000, age-adjusted SPARCS The number of hospitalizations per 10,000 population with one of the following primary diagnosis ICD-9 CM codes: 292, 304, 305.1-305.9,648.3, 655.5, 763.5, 779.4, 779.5,965.0, 967.0, 968.5, 969.6,969.7, 760.70, 760.72,760.73,760.75, 760.79, E850-E858, E950.0-E950.2, E962.0, E980.0-E980.2. Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics
Suicide mortality per 100,000, age-adjusted Vital Records The number of deaths per 100,000 with a primary diagnosis of one of the following: ICD-10(X60-X84,Y87.0) Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics

Notes

Age-Adjusted Indicators

The standard population used for age adjustment was the 2000 US population.

Vital Records

Information is extracted from birth, death and fetal death certificates. When percentages are calculated, records with missing information for the indicator of interest are excluded from the calculation. Population-based rates use population estimates provided by the US Census Bureau. ICD-10 codes are used for cause of death.

Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS)

Data on hospitalization are collected through the hospital inpatient discharge data system. Each hospitalization receives an ICD-9 code at discharge which indicates the primary reason for the hospitalization. Data are not available on events that did not result in a hospitalization, such as cases that were only treated in a hospital emergency room.

Kotelchuk Index

The Kotelchuk Index is an adequacy of prenatal care index that takes into account the number of prenatal care visits received and number of expected by age of gestation at delivery, and incorporates a category that distinguishes women who have had more prenatal visits than would be expected (Adequacy Plus Category).

Note: In 2008, New York City Vital Records adopted the National Center for Health Statistics standard birth certificate. This certificate has been used for births occurring in New York State outside of New York City since 2004. According to the New York City Health Department publication, Summary of Vital Statistics 2008 1, the use of the new certificate has resulted in some data quality concerns. A combination of poor data quality and hospital staff adaptation to the new data entry system and worksheets affected data quality. There is a potential for variables such as prenatal care and race/ethnicity to be impacted by a larger than normal number of unknowns and miscoding. Caution should be used when comparing the 2008 data to previous years.

1New York City Department of Health and Human Hygiene. Summary of Vital Statistics 2008, The City of New York.[Accessed November 2010]

Contact

Public Health Information Group

E-mail: phiginfo@health.state.ny.us
Telephone: (518) 474-2543

Bureau of Biometrics and Health Statistics

E-mail: bio-info@health.state.ny.us
Telephone: (518) 474-3189

New York State Cancer Registry

E-mail: nyscr@health.state.ny.us
Telephone: (518) 474-2255

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