Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

The term sexually transmitted disease is used to cover the more than 25-30 infectious organisms that are spread through sexual activity. STDs are almost always spread from person to person by sexual activity. These infections are most easily spread by vaginal or anal intercourse, and sometimes by oral sex. Some STDs can also be spread through blood, particularly among intravenous (IV) drug users who may be sharing drug equipment (needles, syringes, or "works"). In addition, pregnant women with STDs may pass their infection to infants in the uterus (womb), during birth, or through breast-feeding.

Most people with STDs have no symptoms. Without treatment these diseases can lead to major health problems such as not being able to get pregnant (infertility), permanent brain damage, heart disease, cancer, and even death. If you think you have been exposed to a sexually transmitted disease, you and your sex partner(s) should visit a health clinic, hospital or doctor for testing and treatment.

Where to Go for STD Screening and Treatment

Many local and county health departments have clinics where you can get tested and treated for STDs. Some clinics are free, at others, you may have to pay to get STD testing and treatment. The STD Clinics in New York State page contains links to contact information for STD clinics organized by county. You also can call the National STD hotline (1-800-232-4636) to find a clinic near you.

Your doctor or health care provider may also do STD testing and treatment. See your doctor or health care provider right away if you have symptoms. If you do not have a doctor or health care provider and need to get tested right away, go to a local Urgent Care center, walk in clinic or hospital emergency room.

Information on STDs

Internet Resources

Provider Resources

Clinician Reporting Procedures

Treatment and Laboratory Guidelines

Expedited Partner Therapy

Partner Services for STD/HIV Prevention

Integrated STD, HIV and Viral Hepatitis Risk Assessment Questionnaire

Training and Reference

Statistics

STD Materials Order Form