Cortland County Health Indicators by Race/Ethnicity, 2017-2019

Health Indicator Non-Hispanic Hispanic Total
White Black Asian/Pacific
Islander
Socio-Demographic Indicators
Population (2018) 44,604 1,069 583 1,325 47,721
Percentage of population (2018) 93.5% 2.2% 1.2% 2.8% 100.0%
Median annual household income in US dollars (2015-2019)~ 56,802 26,620 81,838* 34,327* 56,023
Percentage of families below poverty (2015-2019)~ 8.1% 0.0% 3.8%* 42.1%* 8.5%
General Health Indicators
Total mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 789.7 525.7* 241.0* 563.1 783.7
Percentage of premature deaths (< 75 years) 43.0% 75.0%* 33.3%* 81.8%* 43.7%
Years of potential life lost per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 6,838.9 5,516.2 398.5* 7,724.6 6,899.9
Birth-Related Indicators
Number of births per year (3 year average) 411 8 4 25 463
Percentage of births with early (1st trimester) prenatal care 80.3% s s 61.7% 79.8%
Percentage of births with adequate prenatal care (APNCU)^ 85.1% s s 70.0% 84.1%
Percentage of premature births (< 37 weeks gestation - clinical estimate) 9.7% s s 6.4%* 9.6%
Percentage of low birthweight births (< 2.5 kg) 8.0% s s 6.4%* 8.0%
Teen pregnancies per 1,000 females aged under 18 years 2.2 0.0* s 4.7* 2.5
Pregnancies per 1,000 females aged 15-44 years 50.2 44.2 25.6 75.0 52.1
Fertility per 1,000 females aged 15-44 years 42.8 31.6 23.6 65.5 44.2
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births 2.4* s s 0.0* 2.2*
Injury-Related Indicators
Motor vehicle-related mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 5.4* 0.0* 0.0* 39.6* 6.2*
Unintentional injury mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 48.7 41.1* 0.0* 60.2* 48.6
Unintentional injury hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted 67.8 25.9* s s 68.6
Fall hospitalizations per 10,000 population, aged 65+ years 182.9 0.0* s s 181.6
Poisoning hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted 10.1 s s s 9.9
Opioid burden per 100,000 population 206.0 s 0.0* 151.7* 205.2
Suicide mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 10.1 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 10.7
Respiratory Disease Indicators
Asthma hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted 5.4 s 0.0* s 5.4
Asthma hospitalizations per 10,000 population, aged 0-17 years 8.3 s 0.0* 0.0* 9.0
Chronic lower respiratory disease mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 43.4 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 42.3
Chronic lower respiratory disease hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted 24.3 26.3* 0.0* s 24.1
Heart Disease and Stroke Indicators
Diseases of the heart mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 157.3 135.4* 0.0* 47.2* 156.0
Diseases of the heart hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted 93.8 56.9 s 40.0* 94.2
Cerebrovascular disease (stroke) mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 29.6 0.0* 0.0* 129.2* 29.4
Cerebrovascular disease (stroke) hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted 22.4 s s s 22.9
Coronary heart disease mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 99.5 41.1* 0.0* 0.0* 97.6
Coronary heart disease hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted 27.3 s s s 28.4
Congestive heart failure mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 16.0 40.2* 0.0* 0.0* 16.1
Potentially preventable heart failure hospitalization rate per 10,000 population - Aged 18 years and older (2017-2018) 40.0 s 0.0* s 38.1
Diabetes Indicators
Diabetes mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 17.8 52.6* 0.0* 0.0* 19.2
Diabetes (primary diagnosis) hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted 17.4 30.6* 0.0* s 18.0
Diabetes (any diagnosis) hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted 226.3 164.7 s 120.6 228.6
Potentially preventable diabetes short-term complications hospitalization rate per 10,000 population - Aged 18+ Years 7.5 s 0.0* 0.0* 7.4
Cancer Indicators
Lung cancer incidence per 100,000 population, age-adjusted (2016-2018) 92.0 0.0* 0.0* s 89.7
Colorectal cancer mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted (2016-2018) 13.1 0.0* 0.0* s 13.2
Colorectal cancer incidence per 100,000 population, age-adjusted (2016-2018) 40.4 0.0* s s 41.0
Female breast cancer mortality per 100,000 female population, age-adjusted (2016-2018) 20.4 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 19.8
Female late stage breast cancer incidence per 100,000 female population, age-adjusted (2016-2018) 52.9 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 51.1
Cervix uteri cancer mortality per 100,000 female population, age-adjusted (2016-2018) 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 0.0*
Cervical cancer incidence per 100,000 female population, age-adjusted (2016-2018) 12.3* 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 11.7*
Symbol Meaning
* The rate or percentage is unstable. See the "About" page
s Data are suppressed. The data do not meet the criteria for confidentiality.
~ White non-Hispanic, Black (including Hispanic), Asian (including Hispanic, excluding Pacific Islanders), and Hispanic.
NA Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability or data quality, or data not available.
^ APNCU: Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization Index.
In 2015, SPARCS transitioned from ICD-9-CM to ICD-10-CM diagnosis codes. These two are not comparable, so ED and hospitalization data for 2016-and-forward should not be compared with earlier data.
The 2018 population estimates are also used to calculate rates for 2019 and 2020.