Diabetes and Diabetes Prevention

Diabetes is a chronic disease in which blood sugar (glucose) levels are above normal. The rate of new cases of diagnosed diabetes in the United States has begun to fall, but the numbers are still very high. The New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) is working to reverse the diabetes epidemic in New York State by focusing on diabetes prevention, identifying people with prediabetes, and collecting data on prevalence of diabetes to help improve the health of all people with diabetes.

Diabetes in New York State

  • 1.6 million New Yorkers (10.0%) have diabetes
  • The percentage of New York State adults who have diabetes increased from 6.3% in 2000 to 10% in 2014

Diabetes in the United States

  • 29.1 million Americans have diabetes
  • Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States
  • The total estimated cost of diagnosed diabetes in 2012 is $245 billion

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Prediabetes

Before people develop diabetes, they almost always have prediabetes first. Prediabetes is a condition where a person's blood sugar level is higher than normal but not high enough yet to be diagnosed as diabetes.

Prediabetes affects 86 million people in the United States (4.5 million New Yorkers), and 90% of the people with diabetes do not know they have it. Without lifestyle changes, 15-30% of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years.

People with pre-diabetes are also at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes, and for having heart disease and stroke.

The good news is that people can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes by:

There are many resources available to help people find out if they are at risk for prediabetes, and to help people with prediabetes prevent or delay diabetes:

For More Information, Contact:

The New York State Diabetes Prevention and Control Program
150 Broadway – Room 350
Albany NY 12204-0678
Phone: (518) 408-5142
E-mail: ManageYourHealthNY@health.ny.gov